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Importing Furniture/Handicraft

What is a handicraft ?
  Under 7 CFR 319.40, handicrafts include the following products where wood is present:
  •   Carvings
  •   Baskets
  •   Boxes
  •   Bird houses
  •   Rustic garden and lawn/patio furniture
  •   Potpourri
  •   Artificial trees (i.e., artificial Ficus trees)
  •   Trellis towers
  •   Garden fencing and edging
  •   Picture frames
  •   Home holiday decorations
  •   Pens
  •   Pencils
  •   Wooden decorative collectibles
  •   Wooden kitchenware
  •   Other items composed of wood

Importing furniture purchased abroad for personal use
  Furniture purchased aboard and shipped into USA for personal use is entitled for informal entry and duty free under Chapter 98, Subchapter IV, HTSUS (19 U.S.C. 1202). If your goods are not cleared within 15 days of arrival, they will be sent to a General Order warehouse, where storage fees can add up quickly.

Duty Free
  Furniture made in countries that have normal trade relations status with the United States is usually duty-free.

Wooden bedroom furniture made in China are subject to Antidumping Duty
  Wooden bedroom furniture (9403.50.9040, 9403.50.9080, 7009.92.5000) made in China being imported for resale into the U.S. may be subject to antidumping duties. Products made by 4 China wooden bedroom furniture manufacturers are subject to less than 6.95% dumping rate; products made by other 115 China furniture manufacturers (Section A Respondents) are subject to 8.64%. Products made by a most majority of all other manufacturers in China are subject to 198.08% antidumping rate of duty with the exception for Ruifeng 16.70%, Starcorp 15.24%.

Bond requirement for furniture subject to AD/CVD duty (Antidumping/Countervailing duty)
  Minimum bond amount = AD/CVD rate × previous 12 months' cumulative import value of the subject merchandise.

Metal/Wooden Furniture/handicraft made in China used in office/kitchen/bedroom
  These products of China are subject to an additional 25% ad valorem rate of duty under heading 9903.88.03

Wood pallets and packing materials
  All pallets and other regulated wood packing materials used in the shipment are subject to inspection and must conform to 7 CFR 319.40-3(b) by the treatment schedules found in the PPQ Treatment Manual.

Marking on the Wood pallets and packing materials
  The wood packaging material must be marked in a visible location on each article, preferably on at least two opposite sides of the article, with a legible and permanent mark that indicates that the article meets the requirements of this paragraph. The mark must be approved by the International Plant Protection Convention in its International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures to certify that wood packaging material has been subjected to an approved measure, and must include a unique graphic symbol, the ISO two-letter country code for the country that produced the wood packaging material, a unique number assigned by the national plant protection agency of that country to the producer of the wood packaging material, and an abbreviation disclosing the type of treatment (e.g., HT for heat treatment or MB for methyl bromide fumigation). The currently approved format for the mark is XX-000-YY, where XX would be replaced by the country code, 000 by the producer number, and YY by the treatment type (HT or MB).

Choose both China government and US government approved wooden furniture manufacturer
  The first step for importing wooden handicraft products from China is to check the APHIS list of approved wooden handicraft manufacturers.

Apply ePermits to import wooden furniture/handicraft
  To access ePermits, you must have a USDA eAuthentication account. eAuthentication is a registration system that enables customers to access USDA Web applications and services via the Internet.

  ePermits requires that users have a “Verified Identity” authentication account in order to submit a permit application. Identity verification can be done online if you are able to answer the verification questions. If you unable or unwilling to answers the online questions, you may visit a USDA Service Center in-person to have your identity verified.

Un-upholstered wooden chairs classified under 9401.69
  These products require a USDA APHIS Lacey Act Declaration PPQ Form 505.

APHIS Regulations
  The US Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) requires all wood entering the country to undergo certain sanitizing procedures by heat treatment (using a kiln or microwave energy dryer) or chemical treatment (using a surface pesticide, preservative, or methyl bromide fumigation), in order to prevent non-native pests from disturbing indigenous wildlife.

Phytosanitary certificates to meet APHIS requirements
  APHIS Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) will continue to accept electronically produced versions of phytosanitary certificates via the Automated Commercial Environment using the Document Imaging System or provide them by other means, such as email attachments through December 31, 2021. Acceptable phytosanitary certificates include scanned copies of original certificates, electronic certificates created through a participating country’s ePhyto system, or signed paper forms. Certificates should be legible and include APHIS-required statements. In addition, CBP will continue to accept precleared consignments that are accompanied by an email from PPQ with an electronic copy of PPQ Form 203 attached, if the original form is not available.

CITES Requirements
  If the wood used in the furniture you’re importing is listed under regulations pertaining to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), it’s subject to the following requirements:
  •   A general permit issued by the USDA (valid for two years),
  •   ExpoWhat permits should I look for when dealing with a CITES species?rt permit issued by the representative of CITES in the country where the wood was harvested, asserting doing so was not detrimental to the survival of that species and that the goods in question were lawfully obtained,
  •   Certificates issued by the CITES representative in the US,
  •   Arrival at a US port equipped to handle shipments of CITES-listed species.

What permits should you look for when dealing with a CITES species ?
  •   Appendix I species are not allowed to be traded.
  •   Appendix II species require a CITES export permit.Appendix III species are listed voluntarily by individual countries. Those countries that list these species must provide a CITES export permit. Countries that did not list the species must provide a Certificate of Origin showing that the shipment did not come from an Appendix III country.
  •   Appendix III species are listed voluntarily by individual countries. Those countries that list these species must provide a CITES export permit. Countries that did not list the species must provide a Certificate of Origin showing that the shipment did not come from an Appendix III country.

Are all products covered when a species is listed on CITES?
   No, not all products made from a listed species require CITES permits. For example, CITES export permits for bigleaf mahogany are required only for logs, sawnwood, veneer, and plywood. Furniture and furniture parts are not covered.

Lacey Act
  In addition, under the Lacey Act, all wood furniture/handicraft products need to be declared to APHIS with form PPQ 505. This will require filing of the plant scientific name (genus and species) and the country of harvest of the plant for APHIS’ acknowledgement.

Wooden furniture made up from composite wood materials
  These products require an EPA Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) declaration that certifies the composite wood materials are in compliance with Title VI Section 13, and the furniture must be marked that it is in compliance.

Seats for use in motor vehicles
  These products require a DOT vehicle equipment declaration and the product must be marked with a certification that it is in compliance with the US DOT regulations.

Medical purpose furniture used in hospitals
  These product must comply with FDA regulations.

Country of origin marking
  All furniture must be marked with country of origin marking in a conspicuous place permanently.

Choose a quality furniture manufacturer for commercial imports
  Make sure you have the required import permit from applicable US goverment agency and the applicable export permit from the country of export, and the manufacturer is on the approved list from applicable US government agency.
  Make sure the furniture made by your chosen manufacturer is not subject to AD/CVD rate of duty.

Your best choice
Working with CBPbrokers is the best way to expedite your furniture/handicraft pass through CBP clearance.

The importer/exporter is solely responsible for his act of importation/exportation, and he is solely liable for the the duties, fees, and penalties upon his act of importation/exportation. The information provided on is to our best knowledge and experiences and it is not your definitive source for information. If you have any doubts or need additional clarifications, US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and other US government agencies are the definitive sources for your questions.